Finding the perfect diamond can be challenging, it is important to educate yourself about diamonds before you begin the shopping process. When picking a diamond it is important to know the Four C’s: 1cut, carat, color, and clarity.

What is diamond color?

The diamond color evaluation of most gem-quality diamonds is based on the absence of color. A chemically pure and structurally perfect diamond has no hue, like a drop of pure water, and consequently, a higher value.

What is it about the cut and polish that has anything to do with the brilliance?

You are supposed to have a certain amount of facets to have the light refract to give the brilliance of the design. If you do not have facets, it does not give that brilliance.

What is a Diamond clarity?

Natural diamonds are the result of carbon exposed to tremendous heat and pressure deep in the earth. This process can result in a variety of internal characteristics called 'inclusions' and external characteristics called 'blemishes.'

Are all inclusions bad? Or are there some inclusions that might be okay?

All inclusions are not bad. Almost all diamonds have inclusions in them. Rarely will you find a flawless on someone ring because its highly sought after and it is not something you can wear all the time and most people cannot afford something like that.

Does that affect the value of the stone?

You cannot get the best clarity.A diamond’s clarity ranges anywhere from Flawless to Included, which means carbon blemishes. Diamonds are created under extreme pressure and heat, thus making it extremely rare to find a diamond without any imperfections or blemishes; clarity refers to the quantity of these imperfections, the higher the quality.

1. Size of blemishes
2.Number of blemishes
3.Position, meaning the area of the diamond where the blemish is
4.Nature, referring to the type of blemish that could possible impair the diamond’s durability, and
5.Visibility

Where do you draw the line? When is it ok to have inclusions?

When you do not see it with the naked eye. If it is not visible to the naked eye then you should be fine.

Does that just mean it is small?

It can be. As long as it is not a crack, you can hide it in a prong.

So what do you mean “hide it under a prong”?

Well in order for the diamond to sit on a ring, you have prongs which are the little gold pieces of metal that hook up to the diamond to secure it to the ring.

So if you say “hide it”, you say position of the inclusion in the diamond will be covered by the prong.

Yes. There could be a circumstance where you have this beautiful diamond but somewhere you have this little, tiny black spot. Then the prong covers it so it doesn’t show.

So we covered size, we covered color, we covered polish, and then we covered a little bit of clarity. Is there anything else?

Of course there is cloudy.

What does it mean when a diamond is cloudy?

It is almost white because there is silicone in there or because it is an inclusion that called a “feather” or a “cloud”.

There are different types of inclusions?

Yes.

Why is Diamond cut so important?

Precise artistry and workmanship are required to fashion a stone so its proportions, symmetry, and polish deliver the magnificent return of light only possible in a diamond.A diamond's cut is crucial to the stone's final beauty and value. And of all the diamond 4Cs, it is the most complex and technically difficult to analyze.

Why is a jeweler so important?

Armed with an expert training, an educated jeweler will not only explain the 4Cs of diamond quality to you, but will be able to demonstrate the differences between apparently similar stones. Preferably, his/her training comes from a highly-recognized and internationally accredited program, such as the GIA.